Clarifying the True Meaning - An Essay about Padmasambhava

Clarifying the True Meaning


Tsele Natsok Rangdrol

Buddhas and bodhisattvas throughout all times and directions,
Embodiment of all objects of refuge, Padma Totreng Tsal,
Consider all beings and myself with your loving kindness.
May every wish we make be effortlessly fulfilled.
Strengthen the Dharma and increase auspicious conditions
So that true awakening will swiftly be attained.

The Birth of Padmasambhava

The word 'padma' is Sanskrit. It was preserved as a Tibetan word and means lotus flower. 'Sambhava' means 'born from'. Padmasambhava's usual name in Tibetan, is Pema Jungney, translated from the Sanskrit name Padmakara that means 'originated from a lotus.'
It is universally renowned that the Precious Master took birth from a lotus flower in a way that is called instantaneous birth. Instantaneous birth in itself is nothing to marvel about since all beings take rebirth through one of the four modes of birth: womb birth, egg birth, moisture birth and instantaneous birth. But this master's birth was superior to ordinary instantaneous birth. The reason is that the lotus flower from which he was born, in the center of Lake Danakosha, had been fused with the combined light rays of compassion of Buddha Amitabha and all the buddhas of the ten directions.
This is not just an exaggerated praise tenaciously offered by old ignorant followers of the Nyingma School; Padmakara was foretold by Buddha Shakyamuni himself in many sutras and tantras. If it was the case that those predictions are found only in the Nyingma Tantras it would be difficult for other people to have full trust in them so here is a quotation from the Immaculate Goddess Sutra:

The activity of all the victorious ones of the ten directions
Will gather into a single form,
A buddha son who will attain marvellous accomplishment,
A master who will embody buddha activity,
Will appear to the northwest of Uddiyana.

Padmasambhava is also prophesied in the Sutra of Inconceivable Secrets:

A manifestation of the buddhas of the three times,
With marvellous deeds in this Good Aeon,
Will appear as a vidyadhara
In the center of a wondrous lotus flower.

The Tantra of the Ocean of Ferocious Activity says:

A holder of the secrets of all the buddhas,
The king of the deeds of indestructible wrath,
A miraculous form without father or mother
Will appear as a vidyadhara
In Lake Kosha of Uddiyana.

There exists a vast number of similar quotations but since these will suffice for gaining understanding I shall refrain from further elaborations. The heart of the matter is that these quotations establish that he was miraculously born from a lotus flower.
For people who could not be converted by someone miraculously born Padmasambhava showed himself as taking birth through a womb. In that version he was born as the son of King Mahusita of Uddiyana and given the name Danarakshita. When reaching maturity, he wanted to leave in order to practice the Dharma, but his parents didn't permit him to do so. Unable to find any other way, he saw that he could only escape through some felonious action. He killed one of the kings' children and was then banished as punishment. Taking ordination from the pandita Shakyabodhi he was named Shakya Senge.
Whatever the case, Master Padma was not an ordinary, material person. We should understand that all his deeds and life examples are a magical display shown to convert people according to their individual inclinations. By regarding him as a normal human being we will fail to perceive even a fraction of his enlightened qualities.

The Names of the Great Master

When Padmakara was born from a lotus flower and, also, while being led back by King Indrabhuti, wherever he was set down, a lotus spontaneously sprung up. The king exclaimed, "This child is truly a lotus born one!" Therefore he became renowned as Padmakara.
His ordination name was Shakya Senge. Later when he became learned in the fields of knowledge and presided as the head of 500 great panditas, he was known as Padmasambhava, the Lotus Born. Thus he is indeed named after his manner of birth.

Padmasambhava's Stay in Tibet

Differing accounts exist regarding the length of time Master Padma remained in Tibet. One story narrates that he remained for 120 years. Other sources state he was asked to leave due to the slander by evil-minded ministers after respectively six or three years, 18 or three months. As I mentioned already, an ordinary person cannot measure the deeds of the victorious ones; remember that also here.
In the past Buddha Shakyamuni taught the Saddharma Pundarika Sutra. The sutra describes that the Buddha performed a miracle, making the duration of teaching, which was one morning, appear as if it were 50 aeons. The Buddha could also transform one moment into an aeon and one aeon into one moment. How can our intellect grasp that?
In the general perception of people and as narrated in the shorter and longer Bashey Annals, Master Padma came to Tibet, performed a ritual for taming the land around Samye and twice made a ritual fire offering to tame the gods and demons. When about to perform the ritual a third time, some manipulative ministers prevented him from doing so. Master Padma gave the king and a few worthy people advice. When Padmakara was about to turn the dunes into meadows, the desert into fields and plant trees and so forth, the ministers misinterpreted this and prohibited it. Without having fulfilled his purpose, he was escorted to the Sky Plain Pass by two religious ministers. On the way Master Padma overcame some murderers sent by antagonistic ministers, by paralyzing them with his gaze. Leaving from the Sky Plain Pass, Master Padma flew through the air toward the southwest.
These narrations are exclusively what is described in the shorter and longer Bashey Annals. The Bashey Annals are only comprised of superficial perceptions of the ministers of that time which I don't consider fully authentic. Try to understand this comparison: the Buddha's twelve deeds and so forth differ in the traditions of Hinayana and Mahayana. We only take the Mahayana version to be truly accurate. The Hinayana version is what was perceived through the limited vision of Hinayana disciples. This is the same as the analogy of a white conch seen to be yellow by a person suffering from jaundice. The person with healthy eyesight will see it as it truly is. Here similarly, we should not regard an impure perception as true but place our trust in the impeccable words of the Great Master himself.
In this regard, it should be mentioned that there is no conflict in the uncorrupted terma teachings that unanimously say Master Padma remained in Tibet for one hundred and eleven years. Since Indians then counted six months as one year these 'years' should be regarded as 'half-years,' therefore, meaning that Guru Rinpoche stayed for fifty-six years.
Some ministers and faithless people perceived that Guru Rinpoche only spent a few months in Tibet. They only saw that Padmakara tamed the land of Samye, performed its consecration and gave teachings to the king and some fortunate disciples. The major part of the time the Great Master stayed in Tibet he spent visiting, blessing, concealing termas and so forth in the principal sacred places and areas. For these reasons it seems that most Tibetan commoners didn't meet him.
From our point of view, when Padmasambhava was about to leave Tibet for the land of rakshas in the southwest, he consecrated all the temples. He was escorted to the Sky Plain Pass in Mang-yul by Prince Lhasey and many other disciples where he gave many predictions and instructions. On the tenth day of the Monkey month he was led through the sky to the continent of Chamara by dakas and dakinis carrying offerings.

Padmasambhava being an Enlightened Buddha

Ordinary beings to be trained perceive the buddhas of the three times as taking birth among different types of sentient beings in the different worlds. Moreover, the buddhas enact the deeds, for incalculable aeons, of gathering the accumulations and purifying the obscurations. We can find evidence to this in the stories of the past lives of the buddha. If we regard the words of the Buddha as authentic, we also can trust in his statements found in many sutras and tantras concerning the Great Master Padmakara as the embodiment of the compassion of all the buddhas. There is no great need to suffer by stubbornly objecting.

Padmasambhava's Appearance into this World

According to the scriptures mentioned above and other texts including the Tantra of the Perfect Embodiment of the Unexcelled Nature, there are varying statements about exactly when Master Padma would appear. Most sources seem to agree on twelve years after the passing of the Buddha. The Nirvana Sutra says:

Twelve years after I pass into Nirvana,
A person who is superior to everyone
Will appear from the anthers of a lotus flower
In the immaculate Lake Kosha
On the northwestern border of the country of Uddiyana.

The Buddha also said in the Sutra of Predictions in Magadha:

I will pass away to eradicate the view of permanence.
But twelve years from now, to clear away the view of nihilism,
I shall appear from a lotus in the immaculate Kosha Lake
As a noble son to delight the King
And turn the Dharma wheel of the unexcelled essential meaning.

This is the version unanimously agreed upon in all the narrations found in authentic terma teachings.
It is difficult for myself to identify correctly the exact year when the Buddha was born and passed away. There are many discrepancies in the various treatises, but all the histories of the Nyingma School tell that Buddha Shakyamuni passed away in the Year of the Iron Bird and that Padmasambhava was born in the Year of the Earth Monkey. Between these two events are twelve years so I consider that to be the correct version.
One version of the Kathang mentions that Padmasambhava took ordination from Ananda in the presence of the arhant Nyima Gungpa and Kashyapa the Elder. Other reliable and uncorrupted terma teachings do not include this story. I myself, though old and uneducated, have read quite a few of the shorter and longer versions of Guru Rinpoche's biographies. In particular, I have carefully examined the manuscript of Ngadag Nyang's terma that is renowned as the Sanglingma Life Story. My sources say that Padmakara stayed five years in the royal palace in Uddiyana and five years in Cool Grove. After that time he went to many different charnel grounds such as Joyful Grove and Sosaling where he received empowerment and blessings from the wisdom dakinis Vajra Varahi, Sustainer of Peace, and Subduer of Mara. Here he also bound under oath the mundane dakinis and karma dakinis and employed them as his servants.
Although the Buddhadharma and all topics of knowledge arose spontaneously within Padmasambhava's mind, he nevertheless pretended to study languages, healing, logic, craftsmanship and so forth to instill confidence in ordinary followers. After this he took ordination in a cave in Zahor from the preceptor Shakyabodhi who is more known as the great master Prahasti, and was given the name Shakya Senge. The reason Guru Rinpoche became a monk was to safeguard ordinary people from giving rise to wrong thoughts. Padmakara then received the empowerments, tantric explanations and oral instructions on Yoga Tantra from Master Prahasti. These details are indisputable and trustworthy.

Criticism of Followers of the Nyingma School

The teachings of the Secret Mantra of the Early Translations are profound, extensive and marvellous. Unfortunately its followers fool themselves with pursuing the upkeep of livelihood and attainment of temporary aims, instead of endeavoring in practice to gain realization. Leading the life of a householder, they belong to the category of neither Sutra nor Tantra. They are nothing but a dishonor to the Early Translations. This is exactly the reason why followers of the Sarma Schools, both learned and ignorant, not only expel the teachings and followers of the Nyingma School from the confines of Buddhism but find them as loathsome as beholding a pool of vomit. Due to these circumstances the flawless words of Padmakara, the Second Buddha, have been corrupted by people's individual corrections, omissions, additions, presumptions and guesswork. The Secret Mantra has become like precious sandalwood turned into charcoal for trade.
In this dark age it seems that no one engages in teaching, studying or practicing the flawless older termas. The volumes of books have become worms' nests. The teachers waste their lives chasing after the novelty of so-called new termas or anything that resembles a terma which nowadays proliferate like mushrooms on a summer meadow. On seeing this sad state of affairs, an old ignorant monk like me can do nothing but shed tears.

The Reliability of the Katang Literature

Nowadays, there are two renowned versions of Padma Katang. One, by Orgyen Lingpa is in poetry and the other by Sangye Lingpa is in prose. Their effect on the land of Tibet has been immense. Although the main part of these two texts surely is the words of the Great Master, obviously some uneducated and foolish people have interpolated them with colloquial terms and phrases of their invention. Similarly, the famous Five Chronicles are unmistakenly a terma by Orgyen Lingpa. However, no matter how you examine the verbiage and meaning it is unlike authentic terma teachings. For example, the assertion that Guru Rinpoche had a son and the predictions of people who later appeared I personally find implausible. The various versions of Padma Katang are for the most part comprised of the teachings of Master Padmasambhava. Of course they possess great blessings, but it is simply hard for me to regard them as reliable historical sources.
In general it is impossible for ordinary people to measure buddhas and great siddhas who can transform time, show numerous manifestations of their bodily form and display inconceivable kinds of miracles. Sometimes a single teaching or deed of the Buddha is perceived in different ways by various disciples due to their capacity and caliber. For instance, when the Buddha displayed the Great Miracles Hinayana followers saw them as lasting only one day while the people of the Mahayana type perceived them for half a month.
People generally accept only three turnings of the wheel the Dharma. Yet, extraordinary people saw the Buddha give an inconceivable number of other teachings such as the Avatamsaka, Kalachakra and so forth. Until one attains the 'eye of Dharma,' it is inappropriate to try to judge the Buddhadharma or other people.
Here is a story to illustrate the huge difference between the scope of perception of Hinayana and Mahayana:
Once noble Manjushri had spent the rainy season retreat in the company of King Salgyal's assemblage of queens. Later Mahakashyapa criticized him, sounded the gong and said, "Bodhisattva, you offender, don't stay among the sangha of monks!" The Buddha himself then exhorted Manjushri to reveal the power of his qualities. By his power it was seen how a Manjushri was present near each buddha in each realm in the ten directions. It was also seen that a Mahakashyapa was sounding a gong in each realm as well. The Blessed One then said, "Mahakashyapa, are you going to expel all these forms of Manjushri or only this one?" Mahakashyapa felt remorse. He wanted to throw down the gong but was unable to do so. The gong itself continued to sound. Asking the Buddha for forgiveness, the Buddha told him to ask forgiveness from Manjushri.
According to this story, when even a great arhant like Mahakashyapa is unable to judge the character of another person, how can ordinary people like ourselves do so? It is really important to avoid creating more obscurations!

Padmasambhava's Level of Realization

The Great Master of Uddiyana said that he was not an explicit buddha but a buddha who had attained the 'four results of spiritual practice.' Some people, displeased with that statement, made various objections. It does not lie within my power to present a claim about whether Padmasambhava specifically realized the fruition of an arhant. Yet, the position of the Nyingma School on this definitely is that he is an embodiment of the compassion of all the buddhas of the ten directions. Padmasambhava appeared as a nirmanakaya to tame the beings of the dark age. This is not just our personal opinion that we stubbornly uphold with deluded obsession. The Great Master was foretold by the Buddha himself. There is no need to elaborate on this or to define him as an ordinary person who had to journey the path in stages such as achieving the result of an arhant or a pratyekabuddha.

Padmasambhava's Five Superior Qualities

Buddha Shakyamuni extolled the virtues of the forthcoming incarnation Padmasambhava. He described him as possessing five qualities that made him superior to other emanations of the buddhas. The following quotation is from the Nirvana Sutra:

Kyeho! Listen, whole retinue, with one-pointed mind.
This emanation of myself
Will be superior to other emanations in the three times.
Not subject to age and decline,
His eminent form will be superior to other emanations.

From the very first vanquishing the four maras,
His wrathful power will be superior to other emanations.
Teaching the greater vehicle of buddhahood in one lifetime,
His realization will be superior to other emanations.

Converting the central and surrounding lands of the Jambu continent,
His benefit for beings will be superior to other emanations.
Beyond passing away in this Good Aeon,
His life span will be superior to other emanations.
This is because he is an emanation of Amitabha.

The line that mentions Padmasambhava "teaching the greater vehicle of buddhahood in one lifetime" does not mean that he attained enlightenment in one life. It means that Padmasambhava is superior by being someone who teaches the profound instructions of Secret Mantra through which buddhahood can be attained in this very body and lifetime.

Primordial Buddhahood According to Vajrayana

According to the Nyingma School, the ultimate source of all buddhas is called Buddha Unchanging Light. This buddha is all-encompassing wakefulness, the realization of all the victorious ones throughout the three times without a single exception. This wakefulness is primordially beyond delusion, the original state of supreme and changeless great bliss that transcends the confines of mental constructs. It is also known as the dharmakaya Samantabhadra, the great forefather of all the buddhas.
The unceasing, natural expression of this wakefulness manifests as wisdom forms free from obscuration. These wisdom forms are the buddha Vajradhara, the victorious ones of the five families of sambhogakaya and so forth who are endowed with the 'seven aspects of union.' They can only be perceived by the great bodhisattvas on the ten levels.
The compassionate energy of the sambhogakaya buddhas appears as a magical display. This display is inexhaustible and unending, the incarnate emanations and the nirmanakayas of supreme enlightenment, such as Buddha Shakyamuni. This display of emanations appears unceasingly for as long as there are sentient beings to be benefitted.
In this way all the infinite mandalas of the victorious ones in the ten directions and in particular in this Saha world-system, as exemplified by the thousand buddhas who successively appear during the Good Aeon, are of one identity in being the vast dharmadhatu of innate wakefulness. The magical display of emanations simply appears according to those who have the fortune to be influenced. Such buddhas are not ordinary people who necessarily must attain enlightenment through traversing the path gradually.
If this is truly so, one might question the Mahayana sutras that say the Buddha first aroused the intent to attain supreme enlightenment, next he gathered the accumulations of merit and wisdom during three incalculable aeons, and finally he attained buddhahood while enacting the twelve deeds. The answer is that those Mahayana teachings were an exercise in expedient meaning for the benefit of ordinary disciples to communicate that a each action yields a particular result.
Just like Buddha Shakyamuni, Padmasambhava was an emanation of all the buddhas. Padmasambhava appeared to convert the beings of the dark age, like the moon light of compassion on the lake of the disciple's faith. From this angle, the debates whether he was born from a womb or appeared miraculously, whether he attained the level of an arhant, and whether he became enlightened within one lifetime, or the like; all such refutations and affirmations are like a child trying to fathom the sky.
Most important and trustworthy is the words of the Buddha: "Rely not on the expedient but on the definitive meaning. Rely not on the conditioned but on the unconditioned. Rely not on the words but on the meaning."

How Padmasambhava Received Empowerment

As mentioned earlier, we should keep in mind that Guru Rinpoche was not an ordinary person. To begin with, when he was born from a lotus flower in Danakosha all the eight classes of gods and demons of this world-system paid homage to him and presented offerings. The victorious ones of the ten directions appeared, like cloud banks assembling, and conferred empowerments and blessings upon him.
Not only did he receive empowerment to Yoga Tantra from the master Prahasti, but later while residing in the eight great charnel grounds he had the complete teachings of the Three Inner Tantras of Secret Mantra clarified by Prahevajra, Manjushrimitra, Shri Singha, the dakini Karmeshvari and many other great masters. In addition, he journeyed to the Dharmadhatu Palace of Akanishtha where he received the Three Inner Tantras in the presence of the teachers of the three kayas, Samantabhadra, Vajradhara and Vajrasattva.
When Padmasambhava went to Maratika and engaged in the sadhana of longevity, his aim was not to attain immortality out of fear of birth and death, but to bring benefit to future generations of followers. Acting as if practicing the sadhana of longevity, he then received the tantras, sadhanas and oral instructions from Buddha Amitayus and accomplished an immortal body. Not only Padmasambhava himself, but also Princess Mandarava reached this attainment. She became renowned as the Single Mother and Queen of Siddhas and had numerous followers. The practices she taught are still applied by the New Schools.
This was just one example of how Padmasambhava manifested the attainment of the vidyadhara level of longevity. The three other vidyadhara levels to be accomplished according to the Nyingma School are the vidyadhara level of maturation, the vidyadhara level of mahamudra and the vidyadhara level of spontaneous perfection.

Historical Details

Much detailed analysis can be made about the exact time King Trisong Deutsen invited the Great Master and when Samye was built. Other issues to be raised are: whether Padmakara remained secretly ruling the country for some years after the king passed away at the age of fifty-six, how long Master Padma stayed during the reign of Prince Lhasey, whether Guru Rinpoche consecrated the Vajradhatu Temple at Karchung after its completion, and what he was doing while the dispute broke out between the systems of Indian and Chinese Buddhism.
The truth is that the numerous well-known historical writings all differ on many points and it is hard to decide on which to rely. It is also difficult to discern whether the statements made in the Kathang are corrupted or authentic so we are still in want of reliable sources.
Nevertheless, historical narrations from the uncorrupted terma teachings of the Nyingma School mention that Trisong Deutsen was born in the Year of the Horse. At the age of seventeen he gave rise to the thought of Dharma and invited the pandita Shantarakshita to lay the foundation for a temple. When hostile gods and demons interrupted the building, Shantarakshita proclaimed that Guru Rinpoche should be summoned.
Padmasambhava arrived in the later part of the Year of the Tiger and tamed the building site. The foundation was established in the Year of the Rabbit and the construction went then on for five years. The consecration was celebrated for a whole twelve year cycle.
While the Buddhadharma was being translated the Great Master spend approximately ten years at Samye and Chimphu. He brought worthy disciples to ripening and liberation. Moreover, there are convincing descriptions that he stayed in all the sadhana places of the country of Tibet.
Padmasambhava was not present during the dispute between the Indian and Chinese systems. Shantarakshita predicted a certain master by the name Kamalashila was predestined to solve that conflict and should therefore be invited to Tibet. After Kamalashila defeated the Chinese teacher Hashang, he reestablished the earlier system of the Buddhadharma.
To ensure that Trisong Deutsen's life span would last for as long as the sun and moon would shine, Padmakara prepared the empowerment and elixir of longevity. But when about to present it to the king, some evil ministers protested and the auspicious coincidence was undone. Later the king regretted and made another request. By receiving the empowerment of longevity his life was extended for thirteen years. Although he was not meant to live for more than fifty-six he remained till the age of sixty-nine.
Prince Muney Tsenpo, the oldest of the king's three sons, was then placed on the throne. He established four major places to worship the Tripitaka and the Abhisambodhi. He attempted the remarkable feat of equalizing rich and poor. Later he was poisoned by his own mother.
The middle son was known under the names of Mutig Tseypo, Muri Tsenpo, Hutse Tsenpo, or as Lekpey Lodro, the name he was given by Padmasambhava. He was young but dignified. He was enthroned at the age of thirteen. He became known as Seyna-lek Jing-yun and he built the nine-storied Vajradhatu Temple at Karchung. His queen, Ngangchungma, had the Tsenthang Temple in Yarlung constructed. Padmakara consecrated both temples.
The youngest son was Murub Tseypo or Prince Virtuous Protector. Padmasambhava gave him the name Prince Damdzin. He was strong-headed and wrathful. He became a general and appointed to the task of guarding the borders in the four directions. After he had brought all enemies under his command, on his return he had a fight with a minister's son. The son died and Prince Damdzin was sentenced to exile in the district of Kongrong for nine years.
Mutig Tseypo was young and had great faith in Padmasambhava. He asked for advice in all matters. That is the reason Master Padma is said to have ruled the kingdom. Padmasambhava stayed for three years during the reign of Mutig Tseypo.
Prince Lhaje was the oldest of Mutig Tseypo's five sons and received many oral instructions and predictions from Padmakara. Both he and his brother Lhundrub died at an early age. The third son, Tsangma, took ordination as a monk. Since Langdarma was unsuitable to rule, Tri Ralpachen was later appointed king. Most of the historical sources agree on this. Anyhow, Padmasambhava left Tibet while Prince Mutig was still young.

The Dependency of Perception

Of course it is impossible for any ordinary person to measure fully the virtuous qualities of even a single pore of the Buddha's body since it defies the reach of ordinary thought. The inconsistencies and dissimilarities in the life stories of enlightened beings come about because those beings are perceived by different levels of people to be influenced. It is therefore totally inappropriate to make fixed generalizations.
In the past the buddha by the name Indomitable appeared with a body the size of eighty cubits while the tathagata King of Stars was the size of one inch. The sugata Boundless Life lived for one hundred billion years while the sugata Lord of Assemblies appeared as living for just one day. These buddhas were definitely unlike ordinary people who have different life span and degrees of merit. The buddhas appeared in those ways because of the different karmic perceptions of the different followers.
The superior qualities of our teacher, Buddha Shakyamuni, were perceived in varying ways respectively by common people, the shravaka followers of Hinayana and the bodhisattva followers of Mahayana. Devadatta and the heretics perceived the Buddha only with their impure thoughts. This does not mean that the Buddha himself had different degrees of qualities but only proves the individual perceptions of different people.
Master Padma was a supreme nirmanakaya. He appeared free from faults and fully endowed with all eminent qualities. He surely does not remain within the reach of people's solid fixation on a permanent reality but appeared according to those to be tamed. Consequently, the clinging to absolutes concerning whether he took birth from a womb or was born miraculously, whether his different names and deeds in the Indian countries agree with one another, whether there are inconsistencies in the duration he remained in Tibet and so forth, are nothing but causes to exhaust oneself and prove one's ignorance while attempting to conform the inconceivable to fit within the confines of conceptual thinking.
The Great Master expressed the real essence of this in his advice named the Precious Garland of Gold:

I, Padmakara, came to benefit Tibet.
By miraculous displays, I have tamed the vicious spirits
And established many destined people on the path of ripening and liberation.
The profound terma teachings shall fill Tibet and Kham with siddhas.

Pass and valley, mountain and cave, everywhere down to the size of a hoof,
I have consecrated to be a place of sadhana.
Creating the auspicious coincidence for lasting peace in Tibet and Kham,
I shall nurture beings with an unceasing stream of emanations.
My kindness to Tibet is great but it will not be appreciated.

Padmakara also said,

In the future some incorrigible people with wrong views,
Foolish and corrupt, with the pretense of learning,
Babbling self-praise and disdain for others,
Will claim that I, Padma, did not stay long in Tibet.

Some will say that I stayed one month, some will say two weeks,
Some will claim that the Master of Uddiyana returned
With a load of gold after ten days.
That is not true; I stayed for one hundred and eleven years.

In all of Tibet, center and border land, the three valleys, down to the size of one arm span,
There is not any place I didn't visit.
Intelligent people, have trust when you discern
Whether I protect Tibet with kindness!

He also said,

Once in the future, some haughty and ignorant people
Will claim that Padmakara the Younger came to Tibet
While Padmakara the Elder never arrived in Tibet.
There is not a Younger and an Elder, in essence they are the same.

Just let people with wrong views say what they want.
If you have faith and devotion, supplicate me constantly.
You will then receive the blessings, people of future generations.

This is how Padmasambhava spoke and in that I have full trust.

Tsele Natsok Rangdrol

Translated by Erik Pema Kunsang and included in The Lotus-Born.

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